Showing posts with label Legal. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Legal. Show all posts

LLC Operating Agreement Checklist

An operating agreement is the legal foundation document describing an LLC (limited liability company) ... this document serves the same function for an LLC as corporate bylaws serve for a corporation. Following is a checklist of items to be considered ...

1. Under what state law will the LLC be formed?
2. What is the name of the LLC?
3. Has the name been checked with the Secretary of State?
4. What is the purpose of the LLC?
5. What is the term of the LLC?
6. Is the LLC member managed or manager managed?
7. Who is the manager if manager managed?
8. Who is the agent for service of process?
9. Is the manager a limited liability entity?

1. What is the initial capital contribution of the managing member?
2. What is the initial capital contribution of the other members?
3. Will members be required to make additional contributions if necessary?
4. What happens if a member fails to make a required capital contribution?
5. What approvals are required to add new members?
6. Are members allowed to withdraw their capital contributions? If so, under what
7. Is a member entitled to interest on his or her capital contributions?
8. Does any member have any priority on distributions over any other members?

1. How are distributions to be divided among the members?
2. How are tax allocations made?
3. When are distributions to be made?
4. Will there be special distributions required to be made to at least pay for tax on each member’s pro rate income from the LLC?

1. How broad are the management powers of the manager?
2. What limitations are there on the powers of the manager?
3. If there is more than one manager, what actions require the consent of all of the managers?
4. Is the manager obligated to devote any particular amount of time to LLC matters?
5. Is the manager and its affiliates free to engage in other activities?
6. Is there any limit on the manager’s right to form other entities?
7. Will the manager be broadly protected from liability?
8. Will the manager be indemnified for acts taken on behalf of the LLC?
9. Under what circumstances might the manager be liable to the members for acts or omissions?
10. What specific duties does the manager have?
11. Will the LLC have officers?

1. What fees is the manager entitled to?
2. What reimbursements is the manager entitled to?
3. Is the manager entitled to incentive compensation or a carried interest?

1. What books and records are to be maintained by the LLC?
2. What access rights will the members have to books and records?
3. What reports will the members be required to receive?
4. Who will be the tax matters partner?

1. What voting rights will the members have?
2. What major actions can the manager take without other members’ approval?

1. Where will meetings be held?
2. How can meetings be called?
3. What notices for meetings must be given?
4. What quorum is necessary for meetings?
5. Can actions be taken by written consent of the members?

1. Do the members have the right to assign their interest in distributions?
2. What rights does an assignee of a member’s interest get?
3. In what situations will assignment be prohibited?
4. What are the procedures for substitution of members?
5. What happens on the death, incompetency or bankruptcy of a member?
6. Is there a right of first offer or first refusal on transfers of interests?

1. Under what circumstances can the manager voluntarily withdraw as the manager of the LLC?
2. What are the events that will result in the manager ceasing to be the manager of the LLC?
3. Under what circumstances can the members remove the manager?
4. What happens to the manager’s interest when it has ceased to be the manager?

1. Under what circumstances will the LLC be dissolved?
2. Under what circumstances can the LLC continue notwithstanding a technical dissolution?
3. How are distributions to be made on liquidation of the LLC?

1. Which amendments to the Operating Agreement can be effected solely by the manager, without the consent of the members?
2. How are other amendments to the Operating Agreement to be effected?
3. When will amendments to the LLC’s Certificate of Organization have to be made?
4. What power of attorney is granted to the manager?
5. Is there an arbitration clause that governs any disputes among the members?
6. Are the members liable in circumstances other than for their capital contributions?
7. What competitive activities may the members engage in?

[Thank you, Small Business Kit]

Ten Legal-Issue Mistakes That Entrepreneurs Make

  1. Failing to incorporate early enough.
  2. Issuing founder shares without vesting.
  3. Hiring a lawyer not experienced in dealing with entrepreneurs and venture capitalists.
  4. Failing to make a timely Section 83(b) election.
  5. Negotiating venture capital financing based solely on the valuation.
  6. Waiting to consider international intellectual property protection.
  7. Disclosing inventions without a nondisclosure agreement, or before the patent application is filed.
  8. Starting a business while employed by a potential competitor, or hiring employees without first checking their agreements with the current employer and their knowledge of trade secrets.
  9. Promising more in the business plan than can be delivered and failing to comply with state and federal securities laws.
  10. Thinking any legal problems can be solved later.
[Thank you, Connie Bagley]


Venture Plan Legal Notice Example

Confidentiality Notice: This Venture Plan is confidential and contains proprietary information and intellectual property of NEWCO. Neither this Venture Plan nor any of the information contained herein may be reproduced or disclosed under any circumstances without the express written permission of NEWCO. This Venture Plan does not constitute an offer to sell or solicitation of an offer to buy securities of NEWCO. Any such offers and sales will be made only to “Accredited Investors,” as defined in Regulation D under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, pursuant to separate agreements to be negotiated by the parties.

© 2019 by NEWCO. All rights reserved. Confidential.

[NEWCO is the example venture.]